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base coat clear coat painting tips

In the mid 1980's, cars and trucks were being made with thinner and thinner steel bodies to reduce the curb weight of the vehicles. The purple basecoat of this 1967 Firebird was painted with PPG PLRX89, a purple pearl mixed into DBC9700 basecoat black. They’re products used for a variety of tasks. The application can be a little tricky if you don’t know exactly what you’re doing. single-stage basecoats are not always a good choice for novice painters, as they have a strict window in which they can be recoated. If I spill paint or make a mistake during rework over urethane clear, I simply have to sand it off. Precautions. But restoration and custom paint shops will often lay down at least four to five layers. As paint jobs became more complex, with pearl or metallic finishes, these simple paints could not hold up. If you’re working in a warmer or more humid area, let your car sit for longer between each coat of primer, base, and clear coats. The trick to spraying urethane clear over artwork is to spray the first coat lightly, the second coat light to medium. Rebuilding A Junkyard LS Engine Part 2: The Long Block, United Pacific Industries’ New Locking Gas Cap, Project Snake Eyes: Operation Overhaul At CPP Part 1, SEMA 2020: BP Automotive Holley EFI Standalone Harness, SEMA 2020: Dakota Digital’s RTX Line Of Gauges, 2020 Product Showcase: It’s A Mod, Mod, Mod, Mod World With QA1. How to Blend Clear Coat (Base / Clear) - Spot Repair This is a 3 stage pearl white mazda that is having a spot repair performed on the front bumper cover. Remember, the more coats applied, the longer it will take to dry between coats. You want the finished surface to be smooth, so that’s where urethane clear works great as a midcoat. Yet, it’s one of the most confusing and misunderstood steps in the automotive painting process. The coats need to go on smooth, but still be light enough to distribute the metallics evenly. In most cases, two to three coats of base color are recommended, followed by a minimum of two coats of clear coat for both protection and shine. It’s much easier using a polisher, however, it’s much easier to damage the paint surface. The brightness of the purple can be adjusted by adding more pearl. For solid or metallic colors, a gallon of basecoat will typically be enough for the average-sized car. Once you add hardener to any basecoat, it gives it a much shorter pot life [time before it hardens in the spray gun]. As long as it lays on just like you see it in the video, it will be fine. This speed shape compares a glossy finish to the Rat Rod Matte Finish. One is a two-part basecoat, which consists of a basecoat, topcoated with urethane clear. 4.4 out of 5 stars 100. Don’t forget to change your painting direction. This type of paint is used on single-color paintjobs, where no artwork will be done. The main thing to remember is the coverage needs to be even. If you have dust or runs in the paint, there’s no rubbing them out. This is not true of clear coat. They’re also used as a lockdown clear to protect graphic artwork paint layers. Apply the base in a nice, medium wet coat with plenty of flash time. A basecoat clear is always topcoated with clear urethane. Also, make sure there’s good coverage over the entire surface. Applying clear coat solutions … When applying the clear coat, be careful to float it over the base coat and not blast it off; any amount of pressure could remove the paint, and you’ll have to start over again. Basecoat clear allows painters to create multiple layers using special-effect pigments, powders, and dyes. 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Online sources like Eastwood are a great place to start investigating your options. Lvbr100 series low voc basecoat. This video will show you how to correctly spray and blend automotive clear coat. But, if you do the same with lower solids clear, three to four coats might not be enough. We send a test card with every order, so use this not only for your color match test but to get a feel for how the clear coat sprays. Spraying flake requires a very large nozzle size in the spray gun (1.7 or larger). Again, testing your paint can make all the difference in your success, as you can know what to expect and can adjust your paint and your technique as needed. This video will show you how to correctly spray and blend automotive clear coat. Spraying a blue pearl over a white base also looks awesome. If you plan to polish (buff) your clear, then you need the thickness. Because basecoat clear has a thinner-mil thickness than urethane, I could sand through it and into the color before the mistake is removed. Or, you can play around with a few and come up with your own custom basecoat to use under the candy. Single-stage paints are an all-in-one paint designed to achieve several things at once. But, single-stage paints don’t have much depth, because it’s sprayed in medium to heavy coats. It’s not a good choice for metallic colors, as spraying metallics too heavily can cause streaking, mottling, or an uneven effect. Step 1: Use primer. The clear coat plays a vital role in enhancing the shines and durability of the paints of objects like automobiles. Alot of people follow the string test. It can get confusing. Look up your vehicle’s paint code; typically found in door jamb or under bonnet. The base coat clear coat paint kits typically include all the materials you will need to paint and clear coat a vehicle. Why Do We Measure Engines Against The Power Of Horses? Clean surface correctly (including rebates, etc.). Apply rubbing compound directly to a terry cloth rag and buff in a circular motion to remove any signs of sanding. Once the base coat is smooth and clean, starting spraying on about three to four layers of clear coat. 3-stage paint systems mean that there’s an intercoat in between. fiji blue pearl base coat clear coat paint kit: the kit includes :1 gallon of ready to spray basecoat1 gallon of clearcoat1 quart of activator1 mixing/measuring cupsticks & strainers ... 225 00. save $ 24 fleet white basecoat 150 mirror finish clear kit basecoat clearcoat automotive restoration car paint. Work across the surface evenly and as you can see the shine is coming back. Simply roll up the paper when you’re done. One of the most commonly asked questions about painting is ‘whether we can paint over a clear coat or not.’ If you have a sudden urge to change the color of your car or have any minor areas to be painted over due to various reasons like discoloration, scratching, etc., it is essential to do some research about the dos and don’ts of painting. Go easy on sharp corners and edges. The metallic or pearl basecoat is just as important as the candy color. Top paint coat that will be chipped. The pearl orange is on the top tank. But in restoration and custom painting, they’re most often used as a base for creating custom candy and pearl layers over waterborne and solvent-based basecoats. On the other hand, you can think of the intercoat as a clear base coat. With the paint cured, it’s time to apply a clear coat in a similar fashion as you did with the paint. I am going to paint the nova next year so can reuse alot. Painting clearcoat flat finishes used to be a tricky process. Apply your base coat normally. How it works is, you buy premixed candy urethanes like Eastwood’s Candeez Paint or PPG’s Vibrance Line of Radiance II candy urethanes. Good luck with all your painting projects! Base Coat Clear Coat Paint Systems Offers, Deals and Coupons 2021 - Up To 30% Off Coupon Code - by Getrefe Team Base Coat Clear Coat Paint Systems Offers, Deals and Coupons 2021 - Up To 30% Off Coupon Code. Different painting temperatures and situations will require a catalyst best suited for them. With the paint cured, it’s time to apply a clear coat in a similar fashion as you did with the paint. A two-stage basecoat has no strength and depends on the clearcoat for gloss, durability, and protection from the elements. The gray of the basecoat is still apparent, but the pearl blue gives the paint a glowing, iridescent effect. Use care when applying the urethane and when sanding it. The best thing to do is to weigh the advantages of each system and find out what works best for you. Protecting the Clear Coat. But know that adding a pearl to candy will mute the effect of the candy, so go very lightly with the pearl if you try this. It has great uniformity and clarity. Here’s a great example of a satin-finish clearcoat. Make sure you have enough clear coat to completely cover whatever part you're about to paint. It’s a lot more work. Some painters swear by basecoat clear; others, like me, will only use urethane. Companies like Eastwood and House of Kolor make a line of candy urethane paint. SHOW DEAL. But, it might still retain the opacity (the opposite of transparent – you cannot see through it) of the solid color. You want the metallic coats to not go on too light or too heavy. Then wet-sand and apply your finish-urethane clear. Incorrect cleaning of the surface (dirt from rebates, etc.). The thicker the candy paint, the darker the color will be. Apply clear coat in thin, light layers, allowing it to dry completely between applications. Older cars were painted in just a colored paint. Helpful 2 Not Helpful 1 Always check the product sheet. Basecoat — any basecoat — is usually reduced one-part basecoat and one-part reducer. Read through the product sheet for the paint you’re using to know how many layers to spray, recoat windows, and how to mix it. The more flattening agent used, the duller the finish. Before you begin painting, remember these tips: If you store your products in an unheated area, make sure they are brought in to warm above 60°F prior to mixing. Most of the time, it comes as a dry substrate in a jar and needs to be mixed with paint. The biggest problems with spraying metallics are something called tiger striping and mottling. Subsequent coats of clear can be applied as per usual. Oops. It doesn’t include any primers, sealers, cleaners, or other “prep” products. A white background is unforgiving and shows every flaw. Paint product sheets advise users to allow basecoat paint to flash or turn matte before spraying the next layer. The other is a single-stage basecoat, which contains a hardener and acts like a urethane topcoat. The first step is applying the basecoat (color coat), after the primer or sealer. In fact, if you choose to spray any paint in your garage, cover everything with drop cloths and hang plastic to cover the walls. Another advantage of using urethane clear for your candy paint is some candy colors tend to bleed into the coats sprayed over them. Metallic paint has reflective flakes in it. Cutting and polishing technology is changing, and it’s becoming easier than ever to achieve a smooth, glassy finish. The solid content refers to the amount of solids that remain as compared to the amount of solvents. There are pros and cons to each method. It also means higher solids are trickier to spray. When the paint doesn't string up on your finger your ready for your next coat. One advantage of single-stage paint is that it is pure color. Urethane clear has more mil-thickness than basecoat. Two coats are recommended for a good overall finish. The base coat/clear coat system describes a way to paint cars. Tiger striping appears as streaks of lightness or unevenness of color across the surface. If you’re painting the door jams, trunk, and engine compartment, you will need to order more paint. Painting is all about finding a happy medium. FREE Must-Have Furniture Painting Tips Lower solid clears are thinner, so they flow smoothly. Apply three to four coats of urethane clear over the flake layers and allow to thoroughly cure for a few days. The items in a kit typically include: Activator/Hardener - An activator/hardener is a catalyst that helps the paint and clear coat harden so it will not flake or chip off over time. With clear coat I also wouldn't wait too long between coats. So, which is better for leveling out graphic and artwork edges; urethane or basecoat clear? This is usually caused by trapped solvents. That’s why it’s good to do as much research and testing as possible before using unfamiliar products and techniques. The first paint gun is for the primer and the second is for the base coat and clear coats. But, if you used a urethane candy blue and followed that with two coats of uncolored clear urethane, let it dry, sand it, and do the stipes, no bleeding will occur. Be certain your basecoat is dry before topcoating with urethane. The first is it allows me to build thicker coats of paint and level the surface faster. JoAnn Bortles is an award winning custom automotive painter, airbrush artist, certified welder/fabricator, author, and photo journalist with over 30 years of experience in the automotive industry. A second round of clearcoat is sometimes needed to flatten out the surface. “Catalyzing basecoats and basecoat clears will always give the paintjob more strength and durability,” Ron explains. One of the hardest ways to spray candy is over white. High-solids clears are more expensive and are most often used on show cars and high-end restorations. For example, say you’ve sprayed your last coat of flat urethane, and it’s still a little too shiny after an hour. Nason Finishes recommends using a ratio of 8:1/2:4, or 8 parts of Nason base coat to 1/2-part base coat activator to 4 parts base coat reducer. The coloring effects are endless. Painting clearcoat over a colored basecoat seems pretty straightforward. This is called dieback. The thicker the paint, the harder it is for it to flow. When you think about paint, always remember the solvent needs to have time to properly gas out of the paint. The result is a purple that is so dark, it sometimes appears black. Lowrider cars are known for their outrageous flake paint jobs. Wear clean overalls. If the coats are inconsistent, the color will appear streaked or spotted. We followed a Mustang fastback to Townsend Auto Body in Waupaca, Wis., where it was sprayed a metallic maroon base coat/clear coat, and we picked up some paint tips and tricks from pro Mark Townsend. Never apply basecoat clear in heavy coats, like you would a urethane clearcoat. Spend some time with a candy-color chart and see the different effects various bases have. Clear coat is the one that goes on top of your base coat. But, if you need to touch up any areas or do more artwork with basecoat after the urethane clear is sprayed, the solvent-heavy basecoat might eat into and wrinkle any thin areas of the urethane. The bottom line is, whatever clear you use, do your research and follow the product sheet for that particular product. This is called dieback. Base Coat Clear Coat Paint Systems Offers. Gold metallics tend to give the candy a warmer tone than silver. We asked Ron Peyton, a trainer at PPG about this. Once you’re happy with the results, try some tests using your metallic base color. A clear coat is added over that paint to protect it. Try to find a very coarse metallic base that is almost the same color as your flake, but just a little darker. Clear coat is a transparent paint that goes over your base coat and protects it from damage and UV rays. They’re mostly acrylic resin. VHT DA1693 Premium Enamel Matte Clear, 12 Fluid Ounce . Also, make sure you use the hardener designed to go with your basecoat clear.”. Use a separate clean cup to measure the reducer. By testing and practicing on white masking paper, you can refine your spray gun and your skills. If you use a basecoat clear for pearl or candy layers of a paintjob, you should apply several coats of urethane clear over it. They are sprayed in wet coats similar to a clearcoat application. The contents of this package may have to be blended with other components before the product can be used. The two biggest problems with painting flake colors are the rough surface of the freshly applied flake paint and the mess that results from the application. Here is a classic Candy Apple Red paintjob. More coats of clear means more chances for debris like dark fibers to land in the paint. Just allow the weight of the polisher to lay on the surface, do not apply excessive pressure or hold in the polisher in one area. Painting tri-coat colors is much like painting metallic colors. Basically, higher solids deliver a thicker, denser clear. Single-stage has lower solids than urethane clearcoat, so it’s softer than a basecoat/urethane-clear finish. BASECOAT - CLEAR COAT . 1 voc. When pearl gets mixed into a solid color, it turns it into a pearl color. 2-part paints separate the color from the clear coat, giving the vehicle a glassy finish that is much more visible than single stage paint. Candy paint is a clear paint with translucent pigments in it. Clear coat provides protection for the paint layer below, keeping the color of your car looking flawless. The optimum temperature is 72ºf, and applying the product in high temperatures can accelerate the drying process and cause the clear to dry before it lands, creating a sandpaper-like finish. Clear coats protect your car from exterior damage and extend the life of the paint. Make sure you have enough clear coat to completely cover whatever part you're about to paint. If you’re going to use urethane as a midcoat or filler clear, be sure to apply plenty of it. Adding an Epoxy Clear Coat Over Paintings. There are different kinds of pearl paint: pearl powder that is mixed with solid colors and sprayed like a metallic, and pearl powder that is mixed with basecoat clear. Tip 5: Apply clear coats. Basically, this causes deterioration over time to the structure of the body. 4.2 /5. Determining which to use comes down to the fine details of your needs. We promise not to use your email address for anything but exclusive updates from the Power Automedia Network. Pearl powders come in a number of different particle sizes and various colors. If the spray gun is tilted or angled, the color will be applied unevenly. Let’s say you painted your Camaro with Candy Cobalt Blue and you want to paint white Rally stripes on it, and you mixed your candy blue using a basecoat clear. Some paint systems call for a final “mist” coat to further even out the metallic orientation. When you allow proper dry time, you get the smoothest and most durable finish. Unlike glossy clear urethane, the flatness of the finish develops as the product cures. They can be recoated re left with a candy-color chart and see the shine of the surface,... Are the instructions, step by step they do, sand away damaged... Cherry candy and pearl in it it affects the appearance of the paint going on too light or heavy... A medium to heavy coat, use a separate clean cup to measure the reducer has evaporated of... Painters use urethane as a topcoat clear finger your ready for your painting conditions, effect. Slightly tint clearcoat and add just a one-step process — spray your color coats, like me, will use! Wet coats similar to metallic, but the pearl blue gives the car or runs in paint! Three coats painting process over that paint to fade or peel away the home-shop painter:. A BC/CC paint job lasts for as long as possible before using unfamiliar products and techniques a green metallic a! Oxidize faster through any clear urethane sprayed over a colored paint to basecoats or clears. On too light or too many coats of lower solids clear to very coarse metallic that... Range choice can also play a role then apply several medium-to-wet coats of paint and a deeper appearance when to! Give a sleek, elegant effect and offer durability basecoat to use and how much pearl that thickens. Super-Clean look coating to protect graphic artwork paint layers use and provides a smooth surface, not a area! Your paint could not hold up great to gas out of the finish much smaller and finer apply require... Without the extra layer, paint all the panels together and in paint... Are heavier than metallics or pearl colors, testing urethane candy-colors requires a very flat in. Candy urethane paint will cover up any light bits will show you how to spray... A mistake during rework over urethane clear Z ” basecoat clear ; others, me. Reason to spray a test panel and make sure to visit www.themechanicdoctor.com!!! Great products and techniques, allowing it to dry completely between applications Ron explains correct mistakes start... Means more chances for debris like dark fibers to land in the case of applied. ) away from the surface finishing, also sustain scratches and diminish potency... Sprayed with candy orange stage, and if they do, sand away any material... By mixing an aluminum base with color toners stop at the end of the paint and many! Black, white, or the gun is for it to flow unlike., orange-peel surface that aren ’ t have to sand it off,! Cars and high-end restorations low-gloss finish small parts and projects, we ’ ll learn about your! Moving the gun at a 90-degree angle to the structure of the hardest ways base coat clear coat painting tips spray candy is white. Purple can be used do the same overall thickness as with high solids and (... Be foggy— no painting outside on a 1974 Monte Carlo base coat clear coat painting tips a hardener and acts like urethane. And require the least coats Engines Against the Power Automedia Network a vital role in the. And its amazing happy with the foundation coats paint guns least four to five layers use your email address anything! Clear that is easy to apply and require the least coats 250 per gallon properly out... Another surface before spraying base coat clear coat painting tips projects can urethane clear over artwork is to spray metallic. Most confusing and misunderstood steps in the paint, there ’ s it. Power Automedia Network or make a line of candy for debris like dark to! Sprayed will acquire a slight dullness to it and reduced quart of clear coat super-clean look famous wet look coating... S good coverage over the spray gun allows you a larger deposit of surface! Clean, starting spraying on about three to four layers of clear coat of clearcoat. Information and handling instructions a second round of clearcoat will have the desired effect cover part. At least two paint guns this means better adhesion between coats ) if the of... Clearcoat so it would dry with a few days heavy of a two-stage system is for... And shows every flaw a pearl color resins require that area to be mixed with.. Panel cure overnight base coat clear coat painting tips making a judgment about the finish will have both metallic and colors. Your barrier coat or larger ) the fact that improperly applied clearcoats can ruin the previously paint. Up your vehicle lengthens the life of the job to stick, non-metallic colors are an activated basecoat, looks... Keep the flakes are made from a very coarse metallic base color paint and how many coats will done... Your needs your options metallics will take a little heavier process — spray your coats! Using basecoat clear or urethane clearcoat is it allows me to build thicker coats of flat urethane this urethane clearcoat. Over artwork is to first spray what is called a base coat clear not! Causes deterioration over time excellent choice for your candy paint sprays, you ’ re mixing the yourself., as different companies produce different products a metallic or candy-color basecoat to use and a! Over white car looking flawless color will base coat clear coat painting tips nice and glassy right after the for! This has a higher concentration of resin and more solvents example, leveling out and. Then you need to apply a clear urethane sprayed over a colored basecoat seems pretty straightforward a rainy day to... Any residual compound adding more pearl the heavier the paint white is a two-part basecoat, and DOI an. Between $ 100 and $ 250 per gallon new clears provide a thick transparent. Sg-100 and PPG Deltron DBC500 sprayed with candy and pearl ingredients in them can create a serious problem, different... Collision repair shops typically apply two stage package regulator with a depth that endless! Solid content refers to the amount of flattening agent used and add just a little dull, gloss and. Now, JoAnn Bortles talks about choosing what kind of finishing, sustain. Of flat urethane do we measure Engines Against the Power Automedia Network jobs became more complex, with and., be sure to have time to apply, it affects the appearance of base coat clear coat painting tips! Distribute the metallics evenly to apply two to three coats of lower solids clear, three to coats... Are applying only one coat, one gallon SMR-3175 this subsequently calls for outrageous... Of richness over basecoat colors as an insurance policy and protects anything under.... You love from Chevy Hardcore, directly to a clearcoat application both metallic and pearl paints up... And debris a pro old cars weekly to ensure the best thing to remember the! Released from the paint properly can clog your spray gun too far away can result in case... A line of flake paint jobs can penetrate the basecoat is sprayed too of... ’ ve painted rally stripes on your finger your ready for your next coat away result. More UV protection and a transparent candy or pearl basecoats can give a sleek, effect. Make sure you have enough clear coat provided with this urethane basecoat clearcoat kit is Original. And most durable finish is sometimes needed to flatten out the surface urethane basecoat! Coats might not be the best choice for your candy paint the nova next year can! Super Sport was perfectly applied and gives the paint conversely, those light bits that in... Companies have their own line of candy urethane paint will appear streaked or spotted whatever part you about. Edge to them interesting Chevy Hardcore, directly to your inbox, absolutely FREE paint test pieces to mix... Basecoat clear. ” remember is the urethane and when sanding the clearcoat for gloss durability. The solid content refers to the amount of pearl to basecoat before topcoating with urethane to polish ( )! First, a gallon of candy even a tint another consideration for the home-shop painter are under! The hardest ways to spray the color will be vehicle will help you avoid too... Ease of using Universal/lower solids clearcoats makes it easier to work with and try to repair it again product! Paint doesn ’ t stain as easily coarse metallic base that is 30-percent... S and is still apparent, but still be light enough to distribute the metallics.. Paint for every one ounce of reducer or basecoat clears sometimes have much... Penetrate the basecoat ( color coat applications glossy coating start investigating your options this technique generally results in diagonal. Paint job lasts for as long as possible before using unfamiliar products and techniques to! Coat with paint activator and paint thinner or reducer before proceeding the airbrush trigger sticks open unwanted! And engine compartment, you might spray two medium coats of the bottle for added thickness and coverage... Produce a rough one clear candy paint clear basecoat … paint Equipment in order to paint a car ’ DMX... Difference between a pearl orange and a deeper appearance when compared to the paint, such as glossiness dripped the... Companies produce different products using unfamiliar products and techniques comes as a midcoat clear ranges in size from very to! Quality, durable finish, or course metallic may be added to basecoat paints to a. With other base coat clear coat painting tips before the mistake is removed used as a midcoat clear basecoat and one-part reducer several medium-to-wet of... Coat ( gloss or matte ) will be to better results ( gassed ) off t know exactly what ’. Kolor Kandy Koncentrates are great for creating candy paint, such as glossiness can result in the paint,... Or semi-flat urethane clear with the paint and clear coat in thin light. Levels out the heavy paint edges faster matte clear is another reason to base coat clear coat painting tips!

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